A TOWER IN THE MIDDLE OF HISTORY
The Residenza Torre Paolina is located in the center of Rome and therefore all the major monuments are within a few minutes. Following a brief history of those who are in close proximity.
The Anfiteatro Flavio, known to all as the Colosseum, is the most famous Roman monument in the world. It is the largest Roman amphitheater capable of seating 50,000 people and is also the huge monument has come down to us, in fact its ellipse shape (perimeter of 527 m) with axes measuring 187.5 to 156.5 meters. The arena in an area of 3,357 m² and the current height reaches 48.5 m (originally was 52 m).
The construction of the amphitheater was started by Vespasiano in 72 AD but completed by Titus in 80 A.D. and open to the public with a grand opening with a durations of 100 days. The name Colosseo derives from the enormous bronze statue of Nerone was erected nearby in the sixth century, which, given the size, it was known as Colosso di Nerone. Soon the building became a symbol of the Imperial City, the expression of an ideology in which the celebration will come to define models for the entertainment of the people.
The Colosseum was built with the specific purpose of giving Rome a place worthy of the fame of his gladiatorial games that were previously held temporary wooden building, built by Nerone in the Campo Marzio, and even before that took place in the Roman Forum or in the Foro Boario.
Very interesting are the architectural choices of the areas below the arena in which, for example, between the tunnels under the floor, lifts acts of staying in the arena to pick up the animals used in games.
Throughout the Empire, the Colosseum was repeatedly restoration due to fire and earthquakes: interventions are to be remembered by Antonino Pio, Eliogabalo and Alessandro Severo, the latter due to restoration because of a disastrous fire in 217 AD , and other renovations such as after an earthquake in 443 AD. But today, after two thousand years, is still the symbol of the city and the tangible evidence of the greatness of the Roman Empire.
The Roman Forum was the core of the civilization of Ancient Rome, the heart of political, legal, economic, social and religious. Located in the west compared to the Colosseum, between the hills Campidoglio and Palatino, its construction lasted over 900 years. Originally used as a cemetery because of its swampy nature, the valley of the Forum was reclaimed due to construction of the Cloaca Maxima at the hands of Tarquinio Prisco in the late seventh century BC The decline of this forum accompanied the Roman Empire from the fourth century. The temples and other monuments and buildings made by emperors and senators fell into disrepair, leaving this space to the pastures.
During the Middle Ages, the Roman Forum, suffered the same condition of neglect that had been reserved at the Coliseum, becoming like this huge quarry to recovery for free marbles and building stones for the villas and palaces of the Roman Curia. This resulted in complete destruction of many ancient monuments, of which there are only illustrations of the artists of the Renaissance. The Foro is the largest complex of monuments of Ancient Rome come down to us, was covered for centuries under a thick layer of soil, known as Campo Vaccino. This practice ended in the seventeenth century, perhaps because it ended the raw material to be taken and very little remained of the Foro today.
You enter to the Forum from Largo Romolo e Remo, which is located on the side of Via dei Fori Imperiali from the Colosseum. Inside the Forum is like being suddenly in the past. The ancient columns that rise from grassy hillocks and gables shown in their original position to help our efforts of imagination. Among the things not to miss are the Arch of Settimio Severo, the Tempio di Saturno, the Casa delle Vestali, the Temple Antonino and Faustina and the Arch of Titus.
ARCO DI COSTANTINO
The Arch of Constantino is a triumphal arch with three openings (with a central passage flanked by two smaller side passages), situated between the Colosseum and the Arch of Titus on the Roman road traveled for the triumphs, is the largest honorary arch come down to us.
In addition to the remarkable historical monument, the Arc can be regarded as averitable museum of Roman sculpture, remarkable for the richness and importance. The overall dimensions of the prospectus are 21x25, 70 meters. The entire arch is decorated with sculptures for the majority of monuments from earlier eras (age of Traiano, Adriano and Commodo) probably destroyed for the fire of the 283 and 307 AD reused were also other elements such capitals and cornices.
The arch was erected to celebrate the triumph of the Emperor Constantino over Massenzio after the battle of Ponte Milvio on 28 October 312 AD and was solemnly dedicated by the Senate July 25 to Constantino's 315 AD in memory of the victory. The inscription located on both sides, above the central arch reads the following words::
“IMP(eratori) • CAES(ari) • FL(avio) • CONSTANTINO • MAXIMO • P(io) • F(elici) • AVGUSTO • S(enatus) • P(opulus) • Q(ue) • R(omanus) • QVOD • INSTINCTV • DIVINITATIS • MENTIS • MAGNITVDINE • CVM • EXERCITV • SVO • TAM • DE • TYRANNO • QVAM • DE • OMNI • EIVS • FACTIONE • VNO • TEMPORE • IVSTIS • REM-PUBLICAM • VLTVS • EST • ARMIS • ARCVM • TRIVMPHIS • INSIGNEM • DICAVIT"
"To the emperor Cesare Flavio Costantino Massimo, Pio, Felice, Augusto, the Senate and the Roman people, as the inspiration of the divinity and greatness of his spirit with his army at once avenged of the status of a tyrant and all faction with the right weapons, devoted this period distinguished for triumphs."
The monument was undergoing renovations and several studies since the late fifteenth century and in 1733 was the substantial integration work of the missing parts.
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